The Lowchen - Standard
FCI-Standard N° 233 / 02. 04. 2004 / GB
TRANSLATION: Jennifer Mulholland with the collaboration of R. Triquet.
UTILIZATION: Companion dog.
Group 9 Companion and toy dogs. Section 1. 3 Bichons and related breeds.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
In the Amiens Cathedral, the construction of which dates back to the XIII° century, one can see, carved in stone, two Lowchen which perfectly represent the breed. In the XV° century its distinctive silhouette was often depicted in tapestries. The breed was cherished by the ladies of the court of Burgundy. It was especially in the 17th century that the breed was represented in old masterpieces. Buffon describes it very precisely in his “Histoire Naturelle”, stressing its rarity. At the same period the Swedish naturalist, Linné also mentions it. The Lowchen was once called “Bichon Little Lion Dog”. The French Breed Club was founded November 18th, 1947.
A small intelligent dog, gay with
a lively and alert expression; overall robust with good bone- short and
well proportioned body- head carried high – pronounced tuck-up.
The movement is proud and determined, accentuated by the floating mane
from the lion clip; the unclipped areas should be completely natural and
on no account should they be shaped.
The body is square. The length of the body (point of shoulder to point of buttock) is equal to the height at the withers. The length of the muzzle represents approximately 2/3 of the skull.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT:
Very affectionate and obedient with its masters, attentive and receptive, at ease in all circumstances; capable of being calm and discreet on command. His forthright and tender look tries to understand what is expected of him.
Relatively short and quite broad from the top of the skull to the muzzle; carried high.
Skull: Relatively flat
: as broad as it is long.
Nose: Black (total pigmentation
is obligatory), except for brown coats and derivatives. In the latter
case, the nose is dark brown (total pigmentation obligatory). The nose
is well in line with the topline of the muzzle.
Of good length, slightly arched, merging smoothly into the shoulders and withers.
Set on slightly below the topline. Carried elegantly arched over the back without touching the latter. Only the plume touches the back either when standing or in action.
GAIT / MOVEMENT:
Lively, energetic and with good reach; legs parallel in action, head carried proudly.
HAIR: The coat is silky, long, wavy, dense; without undercoat.
COLOUR: All colours and combinations of colours are permitted.
SIZE AND WEIGHT:
Height: 26 to 32 cm at
the withers, with a tolerance of +/- 1 cm.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
This amended breed standard will
become effective from September 2004.